Osteoarthritis is a common condition with associated pain, joint stiffness and reduced quality of life. It affects the joints, most commonly the knees, hips, spine and small joints of the hands, but it can also occur in other joints. Damage and loss of joint-lining cartilage, damage to adjacent bone, and inflammation of the tissues around the joint are the main characteristics of the condition. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, with around 1 million people seeing their GP about it every year. It accounts for 115,000 hospital admissions in the UK each year. The condition can affect people’s ability to undertake daily activities, and is one of the leading causes of pain and disability worldwide (NICE 2014). Assessing and managing pain associated with osteoarthritis requires a structured multidisciplinary approach.
Musculoskeletal: History Taking
Musculoskeletal: Understanding Joint Swelling
Musculoskeletal: Examination of Hands
Musculoskeletal: Examination of Arthritic Hands
Musculoskeletal: Clinical Reasoning Based on Examination Findings
NICE (2014) Osteoarthritis: Care and management in adults. CG177. https://www.nice.org.uk/Guidance/CG177
Ng, N. Heesch, K.Brown, W. (2012) Strategies for Managing Osteoarthritis. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine 19, 298 – 307.
Cox F (2009) Managing pain in osteoarthritis. Primary Health Care. 19, 7, 38-45.